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The Stone & Worktop Glossary

 

Decisions are more informed with knowledge!

The jargon used in defining stone terms can often become quite convoluted. The purpose of this section is to try to offer a clear explanation, in layman’s English, of the most common definitions relating to stone, worktops as a whole and their fabrication.

If you are looking for an explanation of a term not contained here please feel free to contact us and we will be happy to try to assist you.

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Stone And Worktop Terms Beginning With The Letter V

Vapour Barrier

A material, frequently in fine sheet form or combined with a sheathing material, designed to prevent the passage of moisture through a wall or floor with the aim of keep away from condensation within the wall.

Vapour Diffusion

The transfer of water in partially dry solid from regions of high concentrates to those of low concentrates.

Vault

Arched stone roof.

Vein

A layer, seam, or narrow unequal body of mineral material different from the surrounding pattern.

Vein Cut

Exclusive to the marble trade, it is a cut vertical to the natural bedding plane.

Veinings

coloured markings in limestone, marble, alabaster, etc. 

Veneer

An exterior, non-bearing load wythe of stonework used as a facing material.

Veneer Stone

Any stone used as a attractive facing material which is not supposed to be load bearing.

Veneer Wall

A non-load bearing stone wall firmly anchored to the back-up wall.

Venting

technique used to permit air and humidity to exit to the exterior from the wall cavity.

Verd (Or Verde) Antique

a marble composed mainly of very big serpentine and capable of being polished. It is commonly crossed by veinlets of other minerals, mainly carbonates of calcium and magnesium. 

Vermiculated

With dressing of random shaped sinking’s, leaving worm-like ridges between.

Vertical Joint

See head joint.

Vinyl Resin

These incorporate produce in which the unsaturated vinyl grouping is involved. Vinyl resins comprise polyvinyl, acetate, polyvinyl chloride, copolymers of these, the acrylic methacrylic resins, the polystyrene resins, etc…

Vitrification

The condition resulting when kiln temperatures are so high as to fuse grains and close pores of a clay product, making the mass impervious.

Voussoir

One of the stones in an arch between the impost and keystone.

Vug

A hollow in rock; sometimes lines or filled with either amorphous or crystalline material; frequent in calcareous rocks such as marble or limestone.

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