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The Stone & Worktop Glossary


Decisions are more informed with knowledge!

The jargon used in defining stone terms can often become quite convoluted. The purpose of this section is to try to offer a clear explanation, in layman’s English, of the most common definitions relating to stone, worktops as a whole and their fabrication.

If you are looking for an explanation of a term not contained here please feel free to contact us and we will be happy to try to assist you.

Happy reading!


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Stone And Worktop Terms Beginning With The Letter E


The space between a perpendicular load reaction and a centurial axis of stonework.


A block set on its thin side instead of on its flat side.

Effective Height

The height of a part that is assumed when calculating the slenderness ratio.


A deposit or encrustation of soluble salts normally white, usually carbonates or sulphates, that may form on the surface of stone, brick, concrete or mortar when moisture moves through and evaporates from the stonework.

Eggshell Finish

Dreary polish or matt surface.

Eight-Cut Finish

Thin, bush-hammered; interrupted parallel markings not over 3/32″ apart; a corrugated finish; smoother near arias lines and on tiny surfaces.


The conic section resulting from cutting a cone obliquely from end to end its curved surface.


Mixture of solid particles of binder and the liquid carrier in which they are hanging but insoluble.

Encrinal Marble

Marble deriving embellishment from fossils or shells.


The procedure of adding colour to incised lettering in stone.


A parallel, projecting group of stones directly above a column capital. Consists of three major partsarchitrave, cornice, and frieze.


The curve consequential from the gradual diminishing in the diameter of the upper two-thirds of a column.


A class of artificial, thermosetting resins which create tough, hard, chemical resistant coating and exceptional adhesives.

Epoxy Resin

A flexible, typically thermal setting resin made by polymerization of an epoxies and used as an adhesive. Toughness, good adhesion, corrosion, chemical resistance, and good dielectric properties characterize them. Most epoxy resins are the two-part type, which harden when mixed. It is used as surface coatings, adhesives for composites and for metals, floor surfacing and wall panels, cements and mortars.


The procedure of and setting upright dimensional stone in place.


Peeling, swelling or scaling of stone or mineral surfaces in fine layers, caused by chemical or physical weather or by heat.


Amplification of length and bulk by reason of temperature rise or incorporation of water.

Expansdion Anchor

A metal expandable unit inserted into a drilled hole that grips stone by expansion.

Expansion Bolt

An anchoring tool; a socket that grips a drilled hole in stone by getting bigger as the bolt is screwed into it.

Expansion-Contraction Joint

A joint made to expand or contract with the temperature change.


One who clerks and hastens the arrival of construction materials or tackle to meet a progress schedule.

Exposed Aggrate

Phrase applied to the bigger pieces of stone aggregate purposefully exposed for their colour and texture in a cast slab. Can be done by casting on a slab or by request to an existing wall over epoxy or cement coat.


The outside of a structure or situated on the outside.

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