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The Stone & Worktop Glossary


Decisions are more informed with knowledge!

The jargon used in defining stone terms can often become quite convoluted. The purpose of this section is to try to offer a clear explanation, in layman’s English, of the most common definitions relating to stone, worktops as a whole and their fabrication.

If you are looking for an explanation of a term not contained here please feel free to contact us and we will be happy to try to assist you.

Happy reading!


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Stone And Worktop Terms Beginning With The Letter D


To uniform the face of a stone by picking with a pointed tool


Thin-grained extrusive (volcanic) rock, intermediate in colour and composition between basalt and rhyolite.

Damp Course

A course or layer of impermeable substance which stops perpendicular penetration of water.

Damp Proofing

Avoidance of moisture saturation by the addition of one or additional coatings of a compound that is impermeable to water.


A parallel plane elevation used as a reference plane.


Buried cross timbers, or a bulk of concrete or stone, to which are attached guide pieces of wood, or wire cable, to secure an vertical post or derrick nearby. 


Those characteristics which affect or have the potential of affecting the structural reliability of construction stone, or may affect the sturdiness of the construction stone. Sometimes used for optical features such as xenoliths or veins. 


The quantity by which a parallel part bends at the centre under pressure.


A malfunction in a laminating assembly characterized by the separation or failure of adhesion between plies, such as in built-up roofing or glue-laminated timber.


Block projections on an entablature.

Dentil Course

Mould course directly below the cornice, having on one of its parts, tiny uniformly spaced blocks, referred to as dentils.


Tiny, rectangular blocks beneath a classical cornice, like a row of teeth. 

Depth Of Gloss

The visual occurrence of relative thickness perceived when viewing reflective surfaces.


To convey into being a mental concept.


A graphic illustration of a part, typically at a bigger scale than the design to which it belongs.


A granular igneous rock, dark gray to black, can be called dolerite.

Diamond Matching

(Quarter matching) A veneer panel similar pattern alike to book matching, except that the third and fourth panels are upturned over panels one and two.

Diamond Sawed

Finish fashioned by sawing with diamond toothed saws (either circular or gang).


Any nonstop pattern in brickwork, typically applied in a diamond or other diagonal patterns.


A covering layer of inside stone from wall to ceiling.


Stone-Natural construction stone that has been selected,  cut and trimmed to a specified shape and sizes. Final surface treatment, or finish is as specified.

Dimension Stone

quarried stones, normally two feet or more square, of a specified depth. Typically with one or more mechanically clothed surfaces. 


Granular, crystallized igneous stone composed of feldspar and hornblende.

Dog's Tooth

A block laid with it’s corner projecting from the wall face.

Dogs & Chain

Pair of steel hooks with rings attached into which chain is slung; upright pull on chain draws hooks together in parallel direction to grip stone blocks.

Dolly Pointed

See At Picked


A calcium magnesium carbonate; a crystalline assortment of limestone, containing in excess of 40 percent of magenesium carbonate as the dolomite molecule.

Dolomite Marble

A crystalline assortment of limestone, containing in excess of 49% of magnesium carbonate as the dolomite molecule.

Dolomite Limestone

A limestone rich in magnesium carbonate, frequently somewhat crystalline in character. It is found in ledge formations in a wide assortment of colour tones and textures. Normally speaking, its crushing and tensile strengths are greater than oolitic limestones, and its look shows a superior assortment in texture.


Another name for dolomite. Often the word dolomite is used for the mineral dolomite while the name

Dovetail Anchor

A splayed tendon that is cut like a pigeons tail, broader at its end than at its base, which fits into the recess of a corresponding mortise.

Dovetail Moulding

A moulding in which interlocked triangles are used.


A cylindrical metal pin used in aligning and reinforcement to joints of neighbouring stone units, or to lend a hand in anchoring stone units.


Direct metal bars or rods used to connect two sections of stonework or masonry to other materials.


The tooled strip or border of faced stone, also known as a margin.


One who design and draws or prepares a design into drawings.

Dressed Or Hand Dressed

the cutting of coarse chunks of natural stone by hand to create a square or rectangular shape. A stone, which is sold as dressed stone usually, refers to stone ready for fitting. Sometimes called scrabbling.


The squaring and shaping, occasionally called scrabbling, of bricks for storage and shipment.


To cut a round hole, or a tool used to drill a round hole.


An alcove cut into the underside of projecting stone to divert water and prevent it from running down the face of a wall or other surface of which it is a part.

Drip Groove

A moulding fashioned for liquid to drip from often found on kitchen worktops to stop water running down the kitchen cupboard doors.


A forward moulding over the top of doorways, archways and windows to throw off the rain. Also known as a "hoodmold" and, when rectangular, as a "label". 


A mason’s blunted chisel for facing stone.


One of the round stone blocks of a column shaft.

Dry Pack

A mixture of Portland Cement and thin aggregate, dampened, but not to the extent that it will flow. It is generally rammed or packed in a hole to secure a bar or anchor, but it is also packed under base plates.

Dry Seam

Unhealed fracture which may be a plane of weakness.

Dry Wall

Dry wall is a stone that is constructed one stone upon the other without the use of any mortar. Usually used for retaining walls.


an open or unhealed joint plane not filled with calcite and not structurally sound. 

Dual Finish

2 finishes on 1 slab of stone, such as thermal and polished.


The appraisal of the ability of dimension stone to suffer and to preserve its essential and distinctive characteristics of strength, resistance to perish and moisture, and appearance.


A small, matching part of dimension stone that is cut, finished and attached with the tightest possible joint to a floor, wall, top, or other larger piece of stone to increase its length or width or to repair or replace a missing or spoilt area. Dutchmen are typically affixed in the fabrication workshop with epoxy or polyester resin.

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