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Stone, in Nature

 

Natural stone is the one of the aesthetic and eco-friendly building material known to mankind. There are a lot of types of natural stone, every with distinguished properties and pros. Some are preferably suited for biger applications, while some are healthier for aesthetically highlighting zones of your home. So what is good for your home project? To help you make a decision, we have compiled the following information to help you in your choice.

Granite

A thick coarse-grained rock and one of the most gorgeous natural stones in the world, granite consists largely of quartz, alkali feldspar, and plagioclase feldspar, all of which donate to the stone’s colour. The dark brown, dark-green, or black is due to the occurrence of such minerals as hornblende and biotitic mica. The molecules of these minerals entwine in a way that makes granite very hard, tricky to harm, normally not possible to scratch, heat resistant, and hard-wearing, making it an ideal option for flooring, wall cladding, pillars, kitchen counters, vanity tops, paved paths and any conceivable outdoor application.

Granite is tough and can last decades on end, is simple to clean and maintain, all without compromising its optical appeal. It creates a luxurious, roomy feel in any home. Granite gets its shinny finish from high-powered polishing tools and fine grit diamond tools. It is obtainable in honed unpolished and flamed coarse textured finishes as well, to suit altering decorative tastes. Granite has a timeless quality about it; it’s more or less always en vogue.

With advances in technology creating a revolution of sorts in quarrying and fabrication, coupled with ever-expanding applications, costs are dropping everyday, making granite an reasonably priced alternative to man made stone industries that generate tons of in-disposable waste.

Marble

Its stylishness is grace. Architects used marble to its greatest effect, making the most of its strength, attractiveness, altering hues with light and weather, and its adaptability in sculpture. Once linked with the rich and famous, donning the homes and palaces of nobles and royalty, marble is now reasonably priced yet maintains its luxurious appeal. It is well liked as graceful flooring or as facades, both interior and exterior. Perhaps no other material adds so much kudos to a home as marble. It is used almost everywhere: outside fountains and statues, inside fire surroundings, hot tubs, as inlays on furniture, worktops, bar counters etc. Marble can definitely be used in bathrooms since it traps little to no grime and never gathers mould.

Marble flooring is most excellent in low traffic areas, so as to steer clear of stains and scratches, and, like most exterior stones, can lose its colour in a highly polluted environment. It is simple to maintain though; all you need are the right applications and some straightforward equipment to restore it to its original shine and state. Please see Tips for Cleaning Marble for more information.

Marble is basically limestone – calcium carbonate that crystallizes gradually over time – and comes in many forms: calcite, from calciferous limestone, dolomite, from dolomitic limestone, serpentine, or green marbles, and travertine, or sedimentary limestone. Thousands of years ago, heat and pressure in the earth’s crust caused metamorphosis of limestone to form large, coarse grains of calcite. The by-product contains impurities that donate an interesting array of colours in marble. In its purest form, marble is white, while hematite adds a reddish colour; limonite adds yellow, and serpentine, green.

Since marble is tricky to separate into sheets of the same size, it is mined carefully, without the use of explosives, which could blow apart the rock. Thus, experts use channelling machines, which cut grooves and holes in the rock, to raise it cautiously.

Sandstone

Sandstone is produced when layers of altering mixtures of sand, quartz, pyrite, and feldspar harden under pressure and form a biger sedimentary stone. The colour of different sandstones can change depending on the impurities laced throughout the stone usually caused by other minerals, like iron oxide, but is normally found in cream, grey, red, brown, or green. The stone requires small finishing, if any at all, can be bought ready-to-use. Once popular in constructing houses mainly facades, today, sandstone is ideal for flooring or outside paths.

Slate

Perhaps the most adaptable of natural stones, slate simply splits into thin, hard-wearing sheets, making it ideal for roofing, flagstone, facades, and high-water zones like showers and pool surrounds. Some slate slabs, consisted chiefly of clay, are also well liked in flooring and, sometimes, as counter tops. In addition, slate is tough and waterproof. Made primarily from grains of mica and quartz with little quantities of chlorite, hematite, and other minerals, it is typically grey to black in colour. The colour may differ though, becoming red or purple, if adulterated by the presence of other minerals.

Travertine

A permeable rock with a lot of cavities and holes, travertine originates from limestone formed over a long period of time and is obtainable in a varied range of colours, from ivory to golden brown. For useful use, its holes are filled using grouting or chemical fillers like polyester resins, or left unfilled for aesthetic appeal. Grouting travertine in different colours gives an amazingly exceptional effect to your flooring. Travertine is good on floors, vanity tops, wall cladding, fireplace surrounds and furniture.

 
 
 
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