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Travertine is a variety of limestone, which is formed through mineral deposits, especially around hot springs or in limestone caves as stalagmites, stalactites and at the mouth of hot springs. It is light colored and comes in variations of tan, cream, white and coral with concentric stripes of color or concentric bands.

Travertine is found in huge deposits, in Italy and Turkey, and also in Texas and Oklahoma, states within the USA. It has found great use over the years, not just for its durability but also for the looks and texture and has a huge historical significance. Many famous buildings in ancient Rome were built using travertine. A good example is the Coliseum, which is a building built mostly with travertine and until today remains an enduring landmark in Italy. It can also be commonly found in some of the oldest buildings in the world.

Throughout the world, spectacular terraces, dams, and walls have been formed wherever Travertine is located naturally. Pamukkale in Turkey is one of the most popular travertine sites and has seventeen hot springs plus a group of travertine terraces of about 160 meters height. These natural stone terraces were formed by moving water that is rich with deposits of carbonate minerals. Hierapolis, the ancient Greco-Roman city, was built on top of the hot springs during the second-century BC. This site has since become an archaeological museum.

Mined Travertine is often about 50 million years, and this makes it an ideal stone material to use in the landscaping and construction industry. As with every modern stone, the travertine used in pavers and in other materials used within construction is notable for its natural variation in texture, colour and patterning.

Travertine is very strong, and twice as strong as concrete, a feature that has made it very suitable for use in all construction areas such as indoor flooring to pool surrounds, patio pavers, bench tops and driveways. It is salt resistant, cool in hot weather and non –slip, making it a great stone for any outdoor use.

Travertine is sold in two forms, which is either as filled and honed or as unfilled, honed and tumbled. The filling is often used to give it a smoother look and to make up for the natural holes in its surface. Travertine can be polished to a very high finish for exquisite indoor applications or even left in a natural form for wall cladding and outdoor paving.

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